An Ostomy is a surgical construction of an artificial opening through the abdominal wall for the elimination of waste material after digestion. Common types of ostomy surgeries include:

 

Bowel Diversions:

  • Colostomy – a portion of the large intestine (colon) is removed or bypassed; requires an external pouch.
  • Ileostomy – the large intestine is removed or bypassed; requires an external pouch.
  • Continent Ileostomy – an internal pouch is constructed from a section of the small intestine, to be evacuated through the abdominal wall.
  • Ileoanal Reservoir – a pelvic pouch is constructed from the small intestine and attached to the anus for evacuation.

 

Bladder Diversions:

  • Urostomy – the bladder is removed or bypassed; requires an external pouch.
  • Continent Urostomy – the bladder is removed or bypassed; an internal conduit is constructed from the small or large intestine to be evacuated through the abdominal wall.

 


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